Your Yale Financial Aid Award and Planning Worksheet includes the following sections:
- Estimated Cost of Attendance
- Gift Aid
- Your Estimated Net Cost
- Expected Family Contribution and Options to Pay Net Cost
- Estimated Yale Term Bills
- Other Payment Options and Resources
- Special Notes about Your Award
Your Estimated Cost of Attendance
The Estimated Cost of Attendance on your award letter reflects your personalized version of the Estimated Cost of Attendance. It includes both Direct Costs like tuition and Indirect Costs like books and personal expenses. Some Indirect Costs, such as travel, vary by student.
Because Yale uses estimates for Indirect Costs, your actual costs may be lower or higher. Awards are not adjusted based on actual costs. If you spend less than the estimated amounts listed on your award letter, the money left over is yours to keep and spend as you choose. We highly recommend New Haven pizza!
The Gift Aid section of your award letter shows the grants and scholarships you will receive to help cover your Estimated Cost of Attendance. Your gift aid may include any or all of the following:
Yale’s need-based grant aid for undergraduates, the Yale Scholarship, is a gift and thus never has to be repaid. If a student is awarded financial aid, the Yale Scholarship amount is included on the Financial Aid Award Letter.
The Yale Scholarship can vary from a few hundred dollars to over $60,000 per year; the average Yale need-based scholarship in 2017–2018 was $49,575. For additional statistics, see Affordability. Area Yale Club awards, endowed scholarships, and other gift aid from Yale’s alumni and friends may be used as grants in place of some Yale Scholarship funds.
Scholarships and other grant aid funded by private companies, employers, or nonprofit organizations. With the exception of employer-funded tuition benefits, most outside scholarships qualify as merit-based awards.
For information on how outside scholarships may affect your financial aid award, see Scholarships and Grants. Selected resources for finding outside scholarships are available under Sources for Outside Aid.
Your Estimated Net Cost
Net cost includes all expenses in your cost of attendance that are not covered by gift aid. For Yale undergraduates, the Estimated Net Cost will always equal the Expected Family Contribution.
Expected Family Contribution and Options to Pay Net Cost
The Expected Family Contribution (EFC) reflects Yale’s assessment of your family’s ability to contribute financially to your education. Your award letter breaks the EFC out into the following parts:
The amount a student’s parent(s) or guardian(s) are expected to contribute toward the entire cost of attendance. The amount is dependent on a family’s income and assets. Many lower-income families will have a Parent Contribution of $0.
Part of the Expected Family Contribution.
Yale believes that both parents have a responsibility to contribute toward their child’s college education, even if they are divorced or separated. For this reason, we require financial information for both parents to generate a financial aid award. The Yale financial aid award letter lists one total Parent Contribution, which a student’s parents may determine how best to meet.
We understand that some families may have extenuating circumstances that would require an exception. Students may petition to have their noncustodial parent’s financial information waived in such cases by submitting a Noncustodial Parent Waiver Petition form with supporting documentation. Submission of a waiver petition form does not guarantee that the noncustodial parent’s requirements will be waived.
Yale’s estimate of what a student could earn through summer employment to contribute toward her/his educational costs. For more information, including the amounts for different types of students, visit our page on understanding the Student Effort or our Student Effort FAQs.
Most non-Canadian international students do not have an expected Student Summer Income Contribution.
Outside merit scholarships may be used to cover the Student Summer Income Contribution if they exceed the Student Employment amount. Students may also choose to take out loans to cover their Student Summer Income Contribution. For more information, see Scholarships and Grants and Loan Options under Types of Aid and Other Financial Resources.
The amount of students’ own financial assets that they are asked to contribute toward educational costs. Students with financial assets pay 25% of their assets annually. For students without any financial assets, the Student Asset Contribution will be $0.
Part of the Expected Family Contribution.
The amount a student should anticipate contributing financially from term-time employment. The standard minimum amounts for the 2017–2018 school year are:
Earnings from a term-time job are paid directly to the student, and nearly all students use these earnings to cover Indirect Costs such as books and personal expenses. Students work on campus an average of eight to twelve hours a week during the academic year to fulfill their Student Employment expectation. For more information on student jobs, visit the Student Employment website.
Outside merit scholarships can replace some or all of a student’s expected term-time earnings. Students who choose not to work on campus may also take out loans to fulfill their Student Employment expectation. For more information, see Scholarships and Grants and Loan Options under Types of Aid and Other Financial Resources.
The EFC breakdown shows the most common way families cover the Net Cost of attendance at Yale. However, families have options for covering the Net Cost in other ways. For more information, see Other Payment Options and Resources below.
Estimated Yale Term Bills
This section of your award letter shows your Direct Costs and expected gift aid, giving you an estimate of the amount you will pay directly to Yale prior to the beginning of each term. Remember that the Yale term bill does not include Indirect Costs such as books and travel expenses.
In addition to tuition, room, and board, your term bill may include charges for:
- Yale Health Hospitalization and Specialty Care coverage, which you may waive by filling out the Yale Health online waiver form each year if you already have valid and sufficient health insurance coverage
- the Student Activities Fee, which is optional and may be waived annually upon request
You can use our sample chart below to estimate more precisely the amount that will be due on your Yale bill for the academic year. You can also use this chart to calculate your expected term bill once your financial aid award has been finalized.
Other Payment Options and Resources
This section of your award letter lists some potential resources for paying your Expected Family Contribution, including:
- The Yale Payment Plan
- Merit-based scholarships and grants from outside Yale
- Employment on campus during the academic year
- Education loans
Special Notes about Your Award
Please read this section of your award letter carefully. It contains notes about special circumstances taken into account, additional documentation you may need, and situations that could change your award substantially, as well as other important information.